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Opening and closing ceremony terminology
Chariot – Come to Attention
Sam Cho Ki Bae Rae – Show respect for the Flags of our Country
This is done by placing the right hand over your heart
Ba Ro – Return to Attention bringing the hand down to your side
Anjo – Command to Sit (optional)
Muk Nyum – Meditation
Ba Ro – Stand up from Meditation (Return to Attention)
Chariot, Sah Bom Nim, Get Kyung Yet
Come to Attention & Bow to the Master Instructor
General Terminology:

Tang Soo Do – Name of the art we study

Moo Duk Kwan – Name of the style/organisation

Soo Bahk Do – Ancient name of the martial art in Korea

Kwan Jang Nim – Chief instructor

Sah Bum Nim – Qualified instructor from 4th Dan upwards

Kyo Sa Nim – Assistant instructor as appointed

Ban Jang – Prefect

Nim – A term of respect similar to ‘sir’

Sun Beh – Senior member

Hu Beh – Junior member

Dan – Degree, holder of midnight blue belt

Gup – Grade, holder of colour belt under midnight blue

Ko Dan Ja – Senior Dan holder

You Dan Ja – Dan holder

You Gup Ja – Gup holder

Kwan Won – Student member

Cho Bo Ja – Beginner

Kam Sa Hap Ni Da – Thank you

Do Jang – Training Hall

Do Balk – Training uniform

Dee – Belt

Kuk Gi – National flag

Kwan Gi – Organisation flag

Shim Kung – Spiritual Power or control in exercise

Neh Kung – Internal power or control in exercise

Weh Kung – External power or control in exercise

Kee Cho – Basic

Hyung – Form

Dae Ryun – Sparring

Ho Sin Sul – Self-defence

Kyok Pa – Breaking techniques

Soo Kee – Hand techniques

O Rin Jok – Right

Wen Jok – Left

Basic Stances (Gi Cho Jaseh):

Chun Bi Jaseh – Ready stance

Chun Gool Jaseh – Front stance

Hu Gul Jaseh – Back stance

Chwe Ha Dan Jaseh – Low back stance

Kee Mahk Jaseh – Horse stance

Sa Goh Rip Jaseh – Side stance

Bal Bul Ri Go Mao Sogi Jaseh – Duck Foot Stance


Commands In Training:

Cha Ryut – Attention

Kyung Yet – Bow

Chun Bi – Ready Stance

Shi-Jak – Begin

Ku Ryung – Count

Ku Ryung Ae Mat Cho So – By the count

Ku Ryung Op Shi – Without count

Ba-ro – Return

Shio – Relax

Tora – Turn

Dwee Ro Tora – Turn to rear

Bal Cha Kee Chun Bi – Ready for kick


Ha-na – One

Tul – Two

Set – Three

Net – Four

Ta-sot – Five

Yo-sot – Six

Il-gop – Seven

Yo-dol – Eight

A-hop – Nine

Yol – Ten


Il – First

Ee – Second

Sam – Third

Sa – Fourth

Oh – Fifth

Yuk – Sixth

Chil – Seventh

Pahl – Eighth

Ku – Ninth

Ship – Tenth

Cha Gi Foot techniques

Mahk Kee – Block

Kong Kyuk – Attack

Ha Dan – Low section

Joong Dan – Middle section

Sang Dan – High section

Cha Gi – Kick

Ki-hap – Shout/yell

Shi Sun – Focus of eyes

Jung Shim – Balance

Basic Hand Movements:

Blocks – Executed in front stance unless otherwise stated

Ha Dan Mahk Kee – Low Block

Sang Dan Mahk Kee – High Block


Choong Dan Kong Kyuk – Middle punch front stance

Sang Dan Kong Kyuk – High punch front stance

Wheng Jin Kong Kyuk – Side punch(side) horse stance

Basic Leg Movements:

Ahp Cha Gi – Front kick

Ahp Podo Cha Gi – Front snap kick

Ahp Mee Ro Cha Gi – Front pushing kick

Yup Cha Gi – Side kick

Yup Podo Cha Gi – Side snap kick

Dull Ryo Cha Gi – Round-house kick

Ahneso Phaku Ro Cha Gi – Circular inside to outside kick

E Dan – Jumping (all jumping kicks start with this term)

Sparring (Deh Ryun):

IL Soo Shik Dae Ryun – One step sparring

Ja Yu Dae Ryun – Free sparring